All Thailand Snakes by Species and Common Name

This is a list of all Thailand snakes – terrestrial and marine. This list is certainly not without error, but it was as up to date as possible on 22 July 2015 when it was compiled. There are frequent changes of genus which are difficult to keep up with. We used a combination of databases and books to create this list.

If you would like to download a free photo book (PDF) of the most commonly found snakes in Thailand, just CLICK HERE.

There are, in all likelihood other snakes that can be added to this list. If you have caught a snake in Thailand that is not on this list, please submit photos and exact location information to us our Contact page and we will consider it. Snakes in red are strongly venomous and can inflict potentially deadly bites. Note, large pythons are not venomous, but have been known to kill humans on occasion.

To IDENTIFY a Thailand Snake – Click HERE.

List of All 223 Known Thailand Snakes

 [Green links are clickable and lead to more info]

Acalyptophis peronii – Spiny-headed Sea Snake (DUMÉRIL, 1853)
Acrochordus granulatusMarine File Snake (SCHNEIDER, 1799)
Acrochordus javanicus – Elephant Trunk Snake (HORNSTEDT, 1787)
Ahaetulla fasciolata – Speckle-headed Wolf Snake (FISCHER, 1885)
Ahaetulla mycterizans – Malayan Green Whip Snake (LINNAEUS, 1758)
Ahaetulla nasuta – Long-nosed Whip Snake (BONNATERRE, 1790)
Ahaetulla prasinaOriental Whip Snake (BOIE, 1827)
Aipysurus eydouxii – Spine-tailed Sea Snake (GRAY, 1849)
Amphiesma khasiense – Khasi Hills Keelback (Boulenger, 1890)
Amphiesma modestum – Modest Keelback (GÜNTHER, 1875)
Amphiesma stolatum – Striped Keelback (LINNAEUS, 1758)
Aplopeltura boa – Blunt-headed Cat Snake (BOIE, 1828)
Argyrophis diardii – Diard’s Blind Snake (SCHLEGEL, 1839)
Argyrophis muelleri – Mueller’s Blind Snake (SCHLEGEL, 1839)
Argyrophis roxaneae (WALLACH, 2001)
Argyrophis siamensis – Siamese Blind Snake (GÜNTHER, 1864)
Argyrophis trangensis – Trang Blind Snake (TAYLOR, 1962)
Asthenodipsas laevis – Smooth Slug Snake (BOIE, 1827)
Asthenodipsas malaccanus – Malayan Slug Snake (PETERS, 1864)
Asthenodipsas vertebralis – Vertebral Slug Snake (BOULENGER, 1900)
Bitia hydroides – Keel-bellied Water Snake (GRAY, 1842)
Boiga cyanea – Green Cat Snake (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)
Boiga cynodonDog-toothed Cat Snake (BOIE, 1827)
Boiga dendrophilaMangrove Cat Snake (BOIE, 1827)
Boiga drapiezii – White-spotted Cat Snake (BOIE, 1827)
Boiga jaspidea – Jasper Cat Snake (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)
Boiga multomaculata – Many-spotted Cat Snake (BOIE, 1827)
Boiga nigriceps – Red Cat Snake (GÜNTHER, 1863)
Boiga saengsomi – Banded Green Cat Snake (NUTAPHAND, 1985)
Boiga siamensis – Grey Cat Snake (NUTAPHAND, 1971)
Bungarus candidusMalayan Krait (LINNAEUS, 1758)
Bungarus fasciatus – Yellow Banded Krait (SCHNEIDER, 1801)
Bungarus flavicepsRed-headed Krait (REINHARDT, 1843)
Bungarus multicinctus – Many-banded Krait (BLYTH, 1861)
Calamaria lumbricoidea – Variable Reed Snake (BOIE, 1827)
Calamaria pavimentata – Collared Reed Snake (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)
Calamaria schlegeli – Pink-headed Reed Snake (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)
Calliophis bivirgata – Blue Malaysian Coral Snake (BOIE, 1827)
Calliophis gracilis – Gray Coral Snake (GRAY, 1835)
Calliophis intestinalis – Striped Coral Snake (LAURENTI, 1768)
Calliophis maculiceps – Small-spotted Coral Snake (GÜNTHER, 1858)
Calloselasma rhodostoma – Malayan Pit Viper (KUHL, 1824)
Cantoria violacea – Cantor’s Water Snake (GIRARD, 1858)
Cerberus rynchops – Dog-faced Water Snake (SCHNEIDER, 1799)
Cerberus schneiderii  – Southeast Asian Bockadam (SCHLEGEL, 1837)
Chrysopelea ornataGolden Tree Snake (SHAW, 1802)
Chrysopelea paradisiParadise Tree Snake (BOIE, 1827)
Chrysopelea pelias – Twin-barred Tree Snake (LINNAEUS, 1758)
Coelognathus flavolineatusBlack Copper Rat Snake (SCHLEGEL, 1837)
Coelognathus radiatusRadiated Rat Snake (BOIE, 1827)
Cylindrophis ruffusRed-tailed Pipe Snake (LAURENTI, 1768)
Daboia siamensisRussel’s Viper (SMITH, 1917)
Dendrelaphis caudolineatusStriped Bronzeback (GRAY, 1834)
Dendrelaphis cyanochloris – Wall’s Bronzeback (WALL, 1921)
Dendrelaphis formosus – Elegant Bronzeback (BOIE, 1827)
Dendrelaphis kopsteini  – Kopstein’s Bronzeback Snake (VOGEL & VAN ROOIJEN, 2007)
Dendrelaphis nigroserratus  – Saw-tooth-necked Bronzeback (VOGEL, VAN ROOIJEN & HAUSER, 2012)
Dendrelaphis pictus – Common Bronzeback (GMELIN, 1789)
Dendrelaphis striatus – Banded Bronzeback (COHN, 1905)
Dendrelaphis subocularis – Mountain Bronzeback (BOULENGER, 1888)
Dryocalamus davisonii – Blanford’s Bridle Snake (BLANFORD, 1878)
Dryocalamus subannulatusMalayan Bridle Snake (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)
Dryophiops rubescensRed Whip Snake (GRAY, 1835)
Enhydrina schistosa – Beaked Sea Snake (DAUDIN, 1803)
Enhydris chanardi – Chanard’s Mud Snake (MURPHY & VORIS, 2005)
Enhydris enhydris – Rainbow Water Snake (SCHNEIDER, 1799)
Enhydris innominata – Tay Ninh Water Snake  (MORICE, 1875)
Enhydris jagorii – Striped Water Snake (PETERS, 1863)
Enhydris subtaeniata – Mekong Mud Snake (BOURRET, 1934)
Erpeton tentaculatum – Tentacled Snake (LACÉPÈDE, 1800)
Fordonia leucobalia – White-bellied Mangrove Snake (SCHLEGEL, 1837)
Gerarda prevostiana – Gerard’s Water Snake (EYDOUX & GERVAIS, 1837)
Gerrhopilus floweri  – Flower’s Blind Snake (BOULENGER, 1899)
Gongylosoma baliodeirus – Orange-bellied Snake, Boie’s Smooth Snake (BOIE, 1827)
Gongylosoma scripta – Common Ringneck Snake (THEOBALD, 1868)
Gonyosoma oxycephalumRed-tailed Racer (BOIE, 1827)
Gonyosoma prasinus – Green Trinket Snake (BLYTH, 1854)
Hebius bitaeniatum – Kutkai Keelback (WALL, 1925)
Hebius deschauenseei – Deschauensee’s Keelback (TAYLOR, 1934)
Hebius groundwateri – Groundwater’s Keelback (SMITH, 1922)
Hebius inas – Malayan Mountain Keelback (LAIDLAW, 1901)
Hebius khasiense – Khasi Hills Keelback (BOULENGER, 1890)
Hebius leucomystax – White-lipped Keelback (DAVID, BAIN, QUANG TRUONG, ORLOV, VOGEL, NGOC THANH & ZIEGLER, 2007)
Homalopsis buccataPuff-faced Water Snake (LINNAEUS, 1758)
Homalopsis mereljcoxi – Jack’s Water Snake (MURPHY, VORIS, MURTHY, TRAUB & CUMBERBATCH, 2012)
Homalopsis nigroventralis – Deuve’s Water Snake (DEUVE, 1970)
Hydrophis atriceps – (GÜNTHER, 1864)
Hydrophis belcheri (GRAY, 1849)
Hydrophis bituberculatus PETERS, 1873
Hydrophis brookii GÜNTHER, 1872
Hydrophis caerulescens (SHAW, 1802)
Hydrophis cantoris GÜNTHER, 1864
Hydrophis curtus (SHAW, 1802)
Hydrophis cyanocinctus – (DAUDIN, 1803)
Hydrophis fasciatus – Banded Sea Snake (SCHNEIDER, 1799)
Hydrophis gracilis (SHAW, 1802)
Hydrophis hardwickii (GRAY, 1834)
Hydrophis jerdonii (GRAY, 1849)
Hydrophis klossi – (BOULENGER, 1912)
Hydrophis lamberti  – (SMITH, 1917)
Hydrophis lapemoides (GRAY, 1849)
Hydrophis mamillaris (DAUDIN, 1803)
Hydrophis melanosoma – (GÜNTHER, 1864)
Hydrophis nigrocinctus – (DAUDIN, 1803)
Hydrophis ornatus (GRAY, 1842)
Hydrophis peronii (DUMÉRIL, 1853)
Hydrophis platurus (LINNAEUS, 1766)
Hydrophis schistosus – (DAUDIN, 1803)
Hydrophis spiralis (SHAW, 1802)
Hydrophis stokesii (GRAY, 1846)
Hydrophis torquatus – (GÜNTHER, 1864)
Hydrophis viperinus (SCHMIDT, 1852)
Hypsiscopus plumbea – Plumbeous water snake (BOIE, 1827)
Indotyphlops albiceps – White-headed Blind Snake (BOULENGER, 1898)
Indotyphlops braminus – Brahminy Blind Snake (DAUDIN, 1803)
Indotyphlops khoratensis – Khorat Blind Snake (TAYLOR, 1962)
Indotyphlops ozakiae – No common name (WALLACH, 2001)
Indotyphlops porrectus – Slender Worm Snake (STOLICZKA, 1871)
Kolpophis annandalei – Big-headed Sea Snake (LAIDLAW, 1901)
Laticauda colubrina – Yellow-lipped Sea Krait (SCHNEIDER, 1799)
Laticauda laticaudata – Blue-lipped Sea Krait (LINNAEUS, 1758)
Lepturophis albofuscus – Dark Wolf Snake (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)
Liopeltis tricolor – Malayan Ringneck (SCHLEGEL, 1837)
Lycodon butleri – Butler’s Wolf Snake (BOULENGER, 1900)
Lycodon capucinus – Common Wolf Snake (BOIE, 1827)
Lycodon cardamomensis – Cardamom Mountain Wolf Snake (DALTRY & WÜSTER, 2002)
Lycodon effraenis – Brown Wolf Snake (CANTOR, 1847)
Lycodon fasciatus – Banded Wolf Snake (ANDERSON, 1879)
Lycodon laoensisLaotian (Indo-Chinese) Wolf Snake (GÜNTHER, 1864)
Lycodon ophiophagus – Snake-eater Wolf Snake (VOGEL, DAVID, PAUWELS, SUMONTHA, NORVAL, HENDRIX, VU & ZIEGLER, 2009)
Lycodon septentrionalis – White-banded Wolf Snake (GÜNTHER, 1875)
Lycodon subcinctus – Malayan Banded Wolf Snake (BOIE, 1827)
Macrocalamus lateralis – Malayan Mountain Reed Snake (GÜNTHER, 1864)
Macrocalamus tweediei – Tweedie’s Mountain Reed Snake (LIM, 1963)
Macropisthodon flaviceps – Orange-necked Keelback (DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854)
Macropisthodon rhodomelas – Blue-necked Keelback (BOIE, 1827) – possibly deadly, some very adverse reactions noted.
Malayopython reticulatusReticulated python (SCHNEIDER, 1801)
Naja kaouthiaMonocled Cobra (LESSON, 1831)
Naja siamensis – Siamese Spitting Cobra (LAURENTI, 1768)
Naja sumatrana – Equatorial Spitting Cobra (MÜLLER, 1890)
Oligodon barroni – Barron’s Kukri Snake (SMITH, 1916)
Oligodon cinereus – Kukri Snake (GÜNTHER, 1864)
Oligodon cyclurus – Cantor’s Kukri Snake (CANTOR, 1839)
Oligodon dorsalis – Gray’s Kukri Snake (GRAY & HARDWICKE, 1835)
Oligodon fasciolatus – Kukri Snake (GÜNTHER, 1864)
Oligodon inornatus – Inornate Kukri Snake (BOULENGER, 1914)
Oligodon jintakunei – Kukri Snake (PAUWELS, WALLACH, DAVID, CHANHOME, 2002)
Oligodon joynsoni – Grey Kukri Snake (SMITH, 1917)
Oligodon mouhoti – Cambodian Kukri Snake (BOULENGER, 1914)
Oligodon pseudotaeniatus – Kukri Snake (DAVID, VOGEL & VAN ROOIJEN, 2008)
Oligodon purpurascens – Brown Kukri Snake (SCHLEGEL, 1837)
Oligodon taeniatus – Striped Kukri Snake (GÜNTHER, 1861)
Oligodon theobaldi – Kukri Snake (GÜNTHER, 1868)
Ophiophagus hannahKing Cobra (CANTOR, 1836)
Opisthotropis boonsongi – Boomsong’s Stream Snake (TAYLOR & ELBEL, 1958)
Opisthotropis durandi  – Durand’s Mountain Stream Snake (TEYNIÉ, LOTTIER, DAVID, NGUYEN & VOGEL, 2014)
Opisthotropis maculosa – Yellow-spotted mountain stream snake (STUART & CHUAYNKERN, 2007)
Opisthotropis spenceri – Spencer’s Stream Snake (SMITH, 1918)
Oreocryptophis porphyraceus nigrofasciata – Black-striped Mountain Racer
Oreocryptophis porphyraceus porphyracea – Red Mountain Racer (CANTOR, 1839)
Orthriophis taeniurus ridleyi – Ridley’s Racer (COPE, 1861)
Orthriophis taeniurus yunnanensis – Yunnan Racer (ANDERSON, 1879)
Ovophis convictusIndo-Malayan Mountain Pit Viper (STOLICZKA, 1870)
Ovophis monticola – Chinese Mountain Pit Viper (GÜNTHER, 1864)
Parahelicops boonsongi – Boonsong’s Mountain Keelback (TAYLOR & ELBE, 1958)
Paratapinophis praemaxillaris – Brown Stream Snake (ANGEL, 1929)
Pareas carinatus – Keeled Slug Snake (BOIE, 1828)
Pareas hamptoni – Slug Snake (BOULENGER, 1905)
Pareas margaritophorus – White-spotted Slug Snake (JAN, 1866)
Pelamis platura – Yellow-bellied Sea Snake (LINNAEUS, 1766)
Plagiopholis blakewayi – Blakeway’s Mountain Snake (BOULENGER, 1893)
Plagiopholis nuchalis – Assamese Mountain Snake (BOULENGER, 1893)
Psammodynastes pulverulentusCommon Mock Viper (BOIE, 1827)
Psammophis indochinensis – Indo-Chinese Sand Snake (SMITH, 1943)
Pseudorabdion longiceps Dwarf Reed Snake (CANTOR, 1847)
Pseudoxenodon macrops – Big-eyed Mountain Keelback (BLYTH, 1855)
Ptyas carinataKeeled Rat Snake (GÜNTHER, 1858)
Ptyas fuscaWhite-bellied Rat Snake (GÜNTHER, 1858)
Ptyas korrosIndo-Chinese Rat Snake (SCHLEGEL, 1837)
Ptyas mucosa – Oriental Rat Snake (LINNAEUS, 1758)
Ptyas nigromarginata – Green Rat Snake (BLYTH, 1854)
Python bivittatus – Burmese Python (KUHL, 1820)
Python brongersmaiShort-tailed Blood Python (STULL, 1938)
Python curtus – (SCHLEGEL, 1872)
Ramphotyphlops lineatus – Striped Blind Snake (SCHLEGEL, 1839)
Rhabdophis chrysargos – Speckle-bellied Keelback (SCHLEGEL, 1837)*
Rhabdophis nigrocinctus – Green Keelback (BLYTH, 1856) – assumed very dangerous, possibly deadly because of close relation to R. subminiatus.
Rhabdophis subminiatusRed-necked Keelback (SCHLEGEL, 1837)
Rhadinophis prasina – Green Tree Racer (BLYTH, 1954)
Sibynophis collaris – Common Many-toothed Snake (GRAY, 1853)
Sibynophis geminatus – Boie’s Many-toothed Snake (BOIE, 1826)
Sibynophis melanocephalus – Malayan Many-toothed Snake (GRAY, 1835)
Sibynophis triangularis – Triangle Many-toothed Snake (TAYLOR & ELBEL, 1958)
Sinomicrurus macclellandi – MacClelland’s Coral Snake (REINHARDT, 1844)
Sinonatrix percarinata – Eastern Water Snake or Olive Keelback (BOULENGER, 1899)
Sinonatrix yunnanensis – Yunnan Keelback (RAO & YANG, 1998)
Subsessor bocourti – Bocourt’s Water Snake (JAN, 1865)
Thalassophis anomalus – Anomalous Sea Snake (SCHMIDT, 1852)
Trimeresurus albolabris – White-lipped Pit Viper (GRAY, 1842)
Trimeresurus cardamomensis – Cardamom Mountains Green Pit Viper (MALHOTRA, THORPE, MRINALINI & STUART, 2011)* – was T. macrops previously.
Trimeresurus erythrurus – Red-tailed or Bamboo Pit Viper (CANTOR, 1839)*
Trimeresurus fucatus (VOGEL, DAVID & PAUWELS, 2004)
Trimeresurus gumprechti – Gumprecht’s Green Pit Viper (DAVID, VOGEL, PAUWELS & VIDAL, 2002)
Trimeresurus hageni – Hagen’s Pit Viper (LIDTH DE JEUDE, 1886)
Trimeresurus kanburiensis – Kanburi Pit Viper (SMITH, 1943)
Trimeresurus nebularis – Cameron Highlands Pit Viper (VOGEL, DAVID & PAUWELS, 2004)
Trimeresurus phuketensisPhuket Pit Viper (SUMONTHA, KUNYA, PAUWELS,NITIKUL & PUNNADEE, 2011)
Trimeresurus popeiorum – Pope’s Pit Viper (SMITH, 1937)
Trimeresurus puniceus – Ashy Pit Viper (BOIE, 1827)
Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus – Mangrove Pit Viper (GRAY, 1832)
Trimeresurus sumatranus – Sumatran Pit Viper (RAFFLES, 1822)
Trimeresurus venustusBeautiful Pit Viper (Brown-spotted Pit Viper) VOGEL, 1991
Trimeresurus vogeli – Vogel’s Pit Viper (DAVID, VIDAL & PAUWELS, 2001)
Trimeresurus wiroti – Wirot’s Pit Viper (TRUTNAU, 1981)
Tropidolaemus wagleriWagler’s Pit Viper (BOIE, 1827)
Xenelaphis hexagonotus – Malaysian Brown Snake (CANTOR, 1847)
Xenochrophis flavipunctatus – Yellow-Spotted Keelback (HALLOWELL, 1860)
Xenochrophis piscator – Checkered Keelback (SCHNEIDER, 1799)
Xenochrophis punctulatus – Spotted Keelback (GÜNTHER, 1858)
Xenochrophis trianguligerus – Triangle Keelback (BOIE, 1827)
Xenodermus javanicus – Dragon Snake (REINHARDT, 1836)
Xenopeltis unicolorSunbeam Snake (REINWARDT, 1827)

NOTE – many snakes which are not highlighted in red are also venomous – all of the vipers, for instance. Every snake should be treated with extreme caution when you don’t know exactly 100% which snake it is. With over 200 species in the country, there are many snakes that look VERY similar to each other. A noted biologist, Dr. Joseph Slowinski, died when bitten on the finger by a very small krait years ago while herping in Burma. His assistant apparently misidentified the snake and Dr. Slowinski reached into it only to find the krait attached to his finger. He died about 35 hours later.

DO BE EXTREMELY CAREFUL WITH ALL SNAKES YOU FIND IN THAILAND.

All Venomous Malaysia Snakes are here >

All Thailand Snake Species >
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All Laos Snake Species >
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All Cambodia Snake Species >
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Singapore’s Venomous Snakes >

Vietnam’s Venomous Snakes >

 

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