What Types Of Snakes Are in Thailand?
I thought I’d address this question about types of snakes in Thailand not because anyone ever asked me, but because I think it can help people narrow down the snake they saw if they considered the type. Now, my types will be somewhat arbitrary and geared toward the beginner snake enthusiast or just anyone looking for more information on snake type. Not every snake fits snugly in each of the categories below, but I’ll make an attempt to classify them as best I can.
Arboreal and terrestrial. Genera: Boiga.
Terrestrial and partly arboreal. Genera: Naja; Ophiophagus.
Terrestrial and fossorial. Genera: Calliophis; Sinomicrurus. Corals.
Terrestrial ground snakes; freshwater snakes. Genera: Amphiesma; Macropisthodon; Opisthotropis; Rhabdophis; Pseudoxenodon; Xenochrophis. Keelbacks
Terrestrial snakes. Genera: Bungarus.
Terrestrial snakes. Genera: Oligodon.
Terrestrial snakes. Genera: Sibynophis.
Terrestrial and fossorial. Genera: Cylindrophis; Xenopeltis.
Terrestrial snakes; partly arboreal. Genera: Python.
Terrestrial and arboreal. Genera: Coelognathus; Ptyas; Gonyosoma; Othriophis.
Terrestrial and fossorial. Genera: Calamaria; Pseudorabdion.
Terrestrial snakes. Genera: Liopeltis.
Arboreal and terrestrial. Genera: Aplopeltura; Asthenodipsas; Pareas.
Saltwater snakes, and one Genus, Laticauda, comes out of the water to mate and lay eggs. Genera: Astrotia; Hydrophis; Kolpophis; Laticauda; Thalassophis.
Arboreal and terrestrial. Genera: Chrysopelea; Dendrelaphis.
Arboreal and terrestrial. Some species spend a lot of time on the ground, including D. siamensis, O. monticola, and C. rhodostoma who all appear to be exclusively terrestrial. Genera: Calloselasma; Trimeresurus; Tropidolaemus. Vipers.
Freshwater and partly terrestrial. Genera: Acrochordus; Cerberus; Enhydris; Erpeton; Fordonia; Homalopsis.
Arboreal and terrestrial. Genera: Ahaetulla; Dryophiops.
Terrestrial and arboreal. Genera: Dinodon; Lycodon; Lepturophis.
- arboreal – tree dwellers, can indicate climbing of structures or anything.
- fossorial – subterranean dwellers – at least part of the time they are underground.
- terrestrial – ground dwellers, preference for remaining on the ground.